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A Brief Guide To Gothenburg – Sweden

Gothenburg (or Göteborg as the Swedish call the city), has undergone countless transformations from being an industrial coastal town into an alluring modern and global sports scene. Refurbishing several of Gothenburg’s museums and the construction of the Gothenburg Opera, gave the city’s traditional environment a well-deserved face lift.  With a Eurail pass, you can travel to Gothenburg to see the revamped look of the city, there are astonishing sites to see and dishes to taste that would pre-occupy your wandering feet and ravenous appetite.

History Of Gothenburg
Gothenburg was established by Sweden’s King Adolphus in 1621. During those times, the area’s west coast area operates as a military base to guard Sweden against the Danish invasions.  After thirty years, the Danes, along with the Norwegian regions, came to be a division of Sweden under the Treaty of Roskilde. With the military base gone, the city of Gothenburg experience several economic developments because of its well-placed location and soon developed into a thriving business seaport. During the 19th century Gothenburg flourished into a significant industrial center and port of the country, and handled half of Sweden’s international business.

Things To Do In Gothenburg
Gothenburg is a green oasis, so don’t miss out on the Botanical Garden. 500,000 visitors per year flock to see its herb and kitchen garden, the animated perennial beddings, and its rock garden which boast more than 6,000 distinct marshes and plants. Then there’s the Slottskogen Park, the city’s most famous recreational spot with its luscious greeneries. The area has countless restaurants and cafes, a theme park and zoo which will be a sure hit amongst children. Since Gothenburg is famous for its seaport, go on a cruise. Sail or rent a canoe and explore and discover the enthralling waters of the city. Museums are also abundant in Gothenburg. Visit the Gothenburg Art Museum with a vast collect of 19th century Scandinavian art and several masterpieces of Picasso, Monet and Rembrandt.  The Gunnebo Castle and Gardens is perfect for picnics during the summer months. Experience the Art of Gastronomy in Gothenburg in the restaurants around the city with highly-reputable international chefs serving mouth-watering courses, such as the Sjömagasinet, 28+ and Fond, as well as Hos Pelle, Caleo, Kock & Vin and Brasserie Lip. For shopping and souvenirs, go to Innderstaden, Nordstan and Avenyn, there are countless boutiques and shops along the areas.

Getting To Gothenburg
There are several ways to travel to Gothenburg. You can opt to go by plane which will either land in Landvetter or Säve. There are also ferries from UK, Germany, Norway and Denmark. If you have a Eurail Pass, then you can travel by train via the SJ or Swedish Railways, or several private railway companies such as the Veolia, MerResor, Arlanda Express and Tågkompaniet.

Travel to Gothenburg and destinations across Europe with a Eurail Pass at

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England vs Germany Live streaming Sopcast tonight,preview,history, Tv link

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Enjoy the live World Cup 2010 soccer 2nd round knockout match England vs Germany Live streaming on your PC on Sunday June 27th, from 14:00 GMT, 2010. grab this exciting match live on your PC in this site.Catch the match live here it provide crystal clear HD video and smooth clear sound so stay tune and enjoy the match here is live streaming tv link England vs Germany
Date:Sunday June 27th
Time:from 14:00 GMT
Competition:World Cup 2010 Live England vs Germany
Live/Repeat: Live
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England and Germany, so much history and so much heartache. This sunday June 27th the meet each other again. This is a real battle for two team, everybody got eagle eye on this match. Football fun all over the world want to see a epic match.

England and Germany Head to head
Total Match::27 England Win:12 Germany:12 Draw:3

England vs Germany Football History:

1966 FIFA World Cup World Cup 1966
The 1966 FIFA World Cup, the eighth staging of the World Cup, was held in England from 11 July to 30 July. England was chosen as hosts by FIFA in August 1960 to celebrate the centenary of the standardisation of football in England. England won the final, beating West Germany 4–2, giving them their first (and, to date, only) World Cup win, and becoming the first host to win the tournament since Italy in
London’s Wembley Stadium provided the venue for the final, and 98,000 people crammed inside to watch. After 12 minutes 32 seconds Helmut Haller had put West Germany ahead, but the score was levelled by Geoff Hurst four minutes later. Martin Peters put England in the lead in the 78th minute; England looked set to claim the title when the referee awarded a free kick to West Germany with one minute left. The ball was launched goalward and Wolfgang Weber managed to poke it across the line, with England appealing in vain for handball as the ball came through the crowded penalty area.
With the score level at 2–2 at the end of 90 minutes, the game went to extra time. In the 98th minute Hurst found himself on the score sheet again; his shot hit the crossbar, and bounced down and hit the ground either onto or just over goal line. Whether the ball actually crossed the goal line or not has been a matter of discussion for decades, and this goal, known as the “Ghost Goal”, has become part of World Cup history. Recent digitally-enhanced footage is said to clearly illustrate that Geoff Hurst’s second goal did not cross the line.[8] In the last minute it was Hurst again, who dribbled easily through the German half to net his third goal, just as the gathered crowd invaded the pitch to celebrate with the team, thus cementing the victory for England with another goal. This made Geoff Hurst the only player ever to have scored three times in a World Cup final.


BBC commentator Kenneth Wolstenholme’s description of the match’s closing moments has gone down in history: “Some people are on the pitch. They think it’s all over … [Hurst scores] It is now!”.
England received the recovered Jules Rimet trophy from Queen Elizabeth II and were crowned World Cup winners for the first time.

The first German victories
Two years after the World Cup, on 1 June 1968, the two teams met again in another friendly match, this time in West Germany, in which the Germans won their first victory over an English team, thirty-eight years after they had first played. The scoreline was 1-0, Franz Beckenbauer scoring for West Germany, but as Hugh McIlvanney wrote in his match report for The Observer: “Comparing this miserable hour and a half (in which fouls far outnumbered examples of creative football) with the last great meeting between the countries is entirely fatuous. But that will not prevent the Germans from doing it. Their celebrations will not be inhibited by the knowledge that today’s losers were almost a reserve team, and even the agonies of boredom they shared with us will now seem worthwhile. They have beaten England, and that is enough

1990 World Cup
There were several friendly games played, with wins for both nations, in the 1970s and 1980s, but the next competitive match — a second round group game at the 1982 FIFA World Cup — ended in a disappointing 0-0 draw. However, when the teams next met competitively, at the 1990 FIFA World Cup, it was a rather more dramatic and eventful clash in the semi-finals, the first time England had reached that far in the competition since their win in 1966.

1996 European Championship
England’s first match against the unified Germany since 1938 was a friendly in 1991 at Wembley, which the Germans won 1-0. Five years later, at the 1996 European Championships, England played a unified German team for the very first time in a competitive fixture, when they met in the semi-finals. As with the 1966 World Cup, the tournament was being held in England, and the semi-final was played at Wembley Stadium

2000 European Championship
England and Germany were drawn to meet each other in the first round group stage of the 2000 European Championship, held jointly by Belgium and the Netherlands, with the England–Germany game taking place in Charleroi in Belgium. Before the game, held on 17 June 2000, there was trouble with incidents of violence with England fans in the town centre, although these were mostly brief and did not involve confrontations with German fans. Nonetheless, reporting of the violence did to a degree overshadow the match result in some media coverage

2002 World Cup qualifying
Before the 2000 European Championship, England and Germany had already been drawn together in the same qualifying group for the 2002 FIFA World Cup. England’s home match against Germany was played on Saturday 7 October 2000, and was particularly significant as it was to be the last international fixture ever to be played at the old Wembley Stadium, before it was demolished and rebuilt. However, England did not get the result they would have wanted, and lost 1-0 to a German free kick scored by Dietmar Hamann. “It was the last refuge of the inadequate. Half-time neared, England were a goal down and a sizeable section of the crowd sullied the ever-dampening occasion. ‘Stand up if you won the War,’ they sang”, wrote journalist Ian Ridley in his match report for The Observer

After 2002
The two teams did not meet in the next major contests, UEFA Euro 2004 and 2006 FIFA World Cup (England managed to avoid a showdown with Germany in the Round of 16 by holding Sweden to a draw and finishing at the top of their group), and England did not qualify for Euro 2008.
England and Germany next played on 22 August 2007, in a friendly at the newly-rebuilt Wembley Stadium. England lost the match 2–1, their first defeat at the new Wembley. In the most recent meeting between the two sides, in an international friendly held on November 19, 2008, England inflicted Germany’s first defeat in Berlin for 35 years.

South Africa World Cup 2010 soccer match England vs Germany, Sunday Sunday June 27th at 14:00 GMT

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Big Brother Sweden !

Copyright (c) 2008 Steven Magill

Sold out to eighteen countries, the huge television hit ‘Big Brother’ was originally aired in the Netherlands in 1999 and has generally been a huge success all over the world (not all series being a big hit). Big Brother Sweden had it’s first launch in 2000 by the production company responsible for the Netherlands show, Endemol, who launched the UK version on Channel 4 and the Swedish version can be watched on Kanal 5. They had success in countries such as Bulgaria, Germany, Mexico, Greece – to name but a few – and Big Brother Sweden was soon launched.

Producers initially thought the idea of cramming around twelve people of mixed races, backgrounds and persona’s and isolating them in a small house was the way to get huge viewing numbers, and they were right. The contestants, or ‘house mates’, were to be chosen by the public, and the nominated for eviction each week, eventually leaving a winner with a cash prize at the end of the shows long twelve weeks.


Plenty of TV companies bought into the idea and aired their own countries’ versions of the show. So far in most of the series aired in the United Kingdom, we have seen drunken capers, plenty of nudity, and rumbles under the duvets and that’s not set to stop just yet. Big Brother Sweden has provided the many Swedish viewers with endless amounts of the same, plus many more sexual activities, and the house mates are showing no signs of being more subtle whilst on screen, giving Endemol exactly what they wanted! The surveillance camera’s that are appropriately placed so that they can catch every move the house mates make have caught plenty of action and sex on tape, most of which is still shown (officially AND unofficially) on video websites like

In the five years that Big Brother Sweden has run, the house has been located in the fabulous city of Stockholm, the countries capital. The winners to date have been Angelica Freij (2000), Ulrica Andersson (2002), who amusingly spanked one of her house mates when her name was announced! Danne (2003) S?sen and Carolina Gynning, a nationally renowned model, won the 2004 show which was surrounded by controversy after two house mates were filmed having sex. Britt Goodwin (2005) and Jessica Lindgren (2006) took home the finalist places in the two years that Big Brother Sweden was co-produced and filmed with the Norwegian show.

It is Carolina Gynning that you are most likely to see as she hosts TV shows and popular reality shows in the country. Most of the contestants find out just how hard the celeb lifestyle can actually be and shrink into the background, often returning to their former jobs. It’s thanks to Big Brother Sweden that some of the house mates that have stayed in the confines of the Big Brother house actually gain the celebrity lifestyle they wanted and yearned for.

Intrested in Sweden ?

There’s a wealth of information that can be found at

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The Phenomenal Big Brother Sweden

The success of the sensational television reality show “Big Brother” has become so popular in Netherlands that it has finally hit Sweden in 2000. It is produced by Endemol, a television production company based in Netherlands. The Big Brother Sweden edition can be viewed in Sweden’s Kanal 5.

The Big brother TV series is a reality show where a group of people with different personalities live in a house for three months isolated from the outside world. The participants are called housemates and they are constantly monitored by cameras and microphones all the time. The goal of each housemate is to win the prices and avoid eviction from the big brother house.

The idea of the show is to provide an opportunity for analysis on individual behavior and responses when they are out of their comfort zone. The BB Netherlands and Big Brother Sweden first season housed the participants in a house that provides basic amenities. Luxury items were forbidden in order to add a survivor element to the show. Each housemate has individual duties to do the housework and house maintenance. Specific task are communicated to each participant privately by the unseen Big Brother. The tasks are given to each housemate to determine their abilities and skills as well as their interpersonal approach with other participants.

For 5 straight years (2000 to 2005), the Big Brother Sweden reality show has continued to rank top in television show ratings. In 2006, Big Brother Sweden merged with BB Norway. The success of the reality show attracted many television companies from different countries around the world. The result – it goes global with many countries having their own version of the BB show. The region or countries showing the BB series are Netherlands, Sweden, Albania, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Finland, Denmark, Germany, France, Greece, India, Italy, Australia, Spain, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Russia, Africa, Thailand, United Kingdom and the United States.

Each county or Region have their specific format for their big brother series but are mostly patterned to the original BB Show in Netherlands and Sweden. Now, it has already branched out for Special Editions. These are the Celebrity Big Brother series, all-stars, Teen, Try out and many more.

The success of Big Brother has made new reality shows patterned to it. The shows are: Back to Reality, The Bar, Vanity Lair, I’m a Celebrity…Get me out of here, Occupation double and Unanimous. The unique elements of the show have caught many viewers attention making it one of the most popular television programs around the world.

Intrested in Sweden ?
There’s a wealth of information that can be found at
check out this interesting reality show in Sweden!

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Enjoying Your Vacation In Sweden

About the county

Stunning and clean, the peaceful Sweden can sometimes be a land of cultural diversity with a mix of Danish and Wild Arctic North influences. One may also get the experience of urban living in its stunning and sophisticated urban centers and at the same time one can feel the tranquility in the countryside. Sweden is filled with charm with scenic medical villages, islands, rivers and forests dotting its landscape.

Most of Sweden’s area is covered by forests and not to forget thousands of ponds. One of the beauties of Sweden is its islands and 1 can’t go with out seeing these islands. They supply probably the most scenic and lovely experience to any visitors. Stockholm is the capital of Sweden, a city with 14 islands dotted with excellent restaurants, nightclubs, pubs and artistic grandeur. Wherever you go most individuals speak English. If visitors need to have a taste of seafood the west coast is the place to be. Also it is well-known for ancient city Uppsala. Do no miss a holiday to a Ice Hotel that is sculpted from ice each winter in Lapland. Sweden is an exciting country with special roads and state of the art high speed train system.

Population & Languages

Sweden has a population of around 9 million and the established language is Swedish. Lapp is spoken by Sami individuals within the north. Most individuals speak English fluently and in addition many speak German and French.


Voltage – 230 volts, Frequency – 50Hz. Standard European 2-pin plugs are used.


Geographic Location

Sweden can sometimes be a Nordic country lying within the Scandinavian Peninsula and is the fifth largest country in Europe. Its west neighbor is Norway; Finland within the northeast, the southwest border is circled by Skagerrak and Kattegat straits and the west coast is surrounded by Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia. Majority of the area is forest and there are lots of water sources mostly inside the Southern part of Sweden.

Local Customs

As with other country Sweden features its own customs too. It is customary not to drink until the host produces a toast. Smoking is prohibited in most public areas. It really is also customary to say Tack för maten to the host after having a meal which implies thanks for the food. Casual dress is acceptable for everyday wear and formal wear for social gatherings. Also tipping up to ten percent is customary for service in restaurants and around exact same percent for taxis also.

Places to see

Stockholm – The largest city and capital of Sweden and is one of the most lovely urban centers of the world. The old town is a treat for your eyes and a walk around city’s waterways and parks is an experience to cherish. Most visitors prefer strolling around on foot and go to the medieval part of Gamla Stan. The city is basically constituted by archipelagos that are outstandingly scenic and may be explored by cruises.

Gothenburg – it is the second biggest city of Sweden. Not to be missed attraction in this city is Liseberg, a world class amusement park. It’s home to well-liked museums like Ostindiska huset, Konstmuseet and Sjöfartshistoriska museet.
Vadstena – The Renaissance castle Vadstena slot & klosterkyrkan.

Visby – Port of Visby, ruins of Drotten, St Nicolai, St Lars and St Carin, cathedral of St Maria and Gotlands Fornsal historic musem.

Oland – Fort of Graborg, Eketorp museum and ruins of Borgholm Castle.


By Air – It’s well coupled to the rest of the world by air. Many international airlines serve Sweden other than its national airlines SAS. The other airlines are Air Canada, Air France, Aeroflot, British Airways, Finn air, Lufthansa, Ryan air etc.

By Sea – The ferries connect Sweden with other destinations such as New Castle, Copenhagen, and St. Petersburg etc.

By Rail – Trains connect Ostend, Sweden to London. It actually is also connected to Denmark by Eurostar train.

By Road – Visitors from UK can drive to Sweden through Demark or Germany

Duty Free Items
1. Up to 200 cigarettes or 250 gm tobacco
2. 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars
3. 1 liter spirit over 22% or 2 liter wine or 32 liter beer
4. Perfumes
5. Gifts up to SEK 1700.

Prohibited Items
Narcotics, firearms, ammunition, weapons, most meat and dairy products, eggs, plants, endangered species, fireworks and alcoholic drinks that include more than sixty per cent alcohol.

For more information about travel and useful tips for tourists, visit and check out scotland tourist attractions.

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Chance of success for companies when teamed up with the right international courier

Fast and reliable international delivery to Sweden means that sending a parcel of whatever size to the country is easy to arrange and cost-effective. While Sweden’s economy is heavily biased towards foreign trade, its abundance of natural resources such as timber, iron ore and hydropower also means that it has been able to weather the worst effects of the global economic downturn.

The Swedish economy is heavily reliant on private enterprise, which is responsible for 90 per cent of its total output in a country where industry is still a huge contributor of income. Iron and steel, machinery and parts, paper and wood pulp products, processed foods and vehicles are its principal exports, while in the other direction, there is heavy demand for machinery, petrol and associated products, chemicals, food and clothing.

The UK is the fifth largest exporter of goods to Sweden, and is behind only Norway and Germany in the amount of goods it imports from the country. So there are very strong ties between the two nations, with many of its largest companies having sizeable operations here, including Volvo, Ericsson, SKF Tools, Electrolux and Hennes & Mauritz, the fashion retailer.


Sweden’s population rose above nine million for the first time in 2004, while there are also estimated to be 4.4million people of Swedish origin living in America. The population is highly concentrated on urban areas, with nearly half of the total population resident in the wider urban area around the capital, Stockholm.

The country is rated the second most competitive in the world for business. As a result, any business looking to establish a foothold in Sweden must have the support of dependable international delivery companies as a major part of its armoury.

Fortunately, the country has excellent transport links with its main trading partners. The main international airport, at Arlanda, 25 miles north of Stockholm, receives nearly 200,000 tons of cargo annually, with all the major worldwide couriers operating directly into the terminal, and feeder services covering even the furthest-flung parts of Sweden.

Whether it is for business purposes, or to keep in touch with friends or family living in the country, there are extensive international delivery services offered to Sweden, which can help make the distances involved seem much shorter than they are.

Strong competition among Sweden parcel delivery companies mean that are arranging an international delivery, and the journey itself, are straightforward, and can be done very cost-effectively.

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Developments in Airline Industry Benefits Consumers

The invention of the airplane in the early 20th century heralded a future of travel that would bring countries seemingly closer to each other. From the Wright Brother’s first flight in 1902 to the first solo transatlantic flight by Charles Lindenbergh in 1927 aboard the Spirit of St. Louis, the world became aware of the potentials of airplane and air travel. And to this day, the possibilities of commercial outer space travel are still there, waiting to be conquered.

Adapting technologies have made it more economical and cheaper for us to travel. Some adaptations were due to painful experiences. The De Havilland, a very popular airplane company in the 50’s, was responsible for the change of the shape of airline windows. Initially using rectangular windows, they found out that this type of shape gave rise to stress fractures and did cause fatal air crashes. Because of this design flaw, later models use oval shape windows to diffuse the possible areas of stress. This shape is still being used today. The utilization of jet engine machines also made possible the increase of carrying capacity of today’s aircraft and shortened the traveling time. There were also new developments in traveling faster. The Concorde was the first and only commercial aircraft that traveled faster than the speed of sound, making the London to New York flight shorter than half the time it took for the 747. Advances in carbon and resin based materials also made commercial flying less expensive as the weight of aircrafts lessened without compromising the integrity of the vehicles thereby making these planes sturdier, safer and more viable for carriers to invest.

These days consumers are kings when it comes to traveling by air. There are many airlines that offer great deals for travel as long as the booking is made ahead of time. Sweden Airlines have also collaborated in their efforts to have more people travel and mileages from traveling from such airlines may be redeemed in other airlines. One such beneficiary of this is the Swedish National Carrier, SAS, or Scandinavian Air Systems. SAS is part of the Star Alliance which is a mega collaboration between so many national carriers among them Spain, New Zealand, Thailand, Croatia, Egypt, Poland, Germany, South Africa, Portugal, Brussels, Canada and Austria just to name a few. These airlines can interchange their mileage so that their users can fly to different places in the world. In the same aspect that a frequent user of Thai Airlines can redeem his or her mileage in order to go to Sweden, a Swedish user of SAS can redeem his or her mileage and travel to Egypt for instance. This situation is a win-win situation for both the airline carriers and their consumers, enabling them to choose which places to visit using the existing mileage or gaining more mileage. The Airline Industry is here to stay and despite the present economic downturn, it will still have its place.

Interested to visit Sweden? Traveling to a place for the first time is fun and exciting but it can be a recipe for disaster! Learn about Sweden history and culture including Sweden airlines, hotels, holidays and foods now and have a fun filled Sweden experience!

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Pele, The Greatest Player Ever Or The Most Overrated Player Of All Time? (Part III)


Pele as can be expected came back to play with Brazil in the 1962 World Cup which was played in Chile. This time however Pele was much more known to the fans as well as opposing players; who were not really all that eager to see him score another six goals or perhaps more in this world cup. Brazil were defending champions with basically the same players which won the world cup in 58 and who despite the passage of four years were still relatively young. All of which making it easy to see why a second world cup for Brazil in as many tournaments was not out of the realms of realistic possibilities. Specially since there were no other teams which were really strong enough to challenge them. Germany going through a rebuilding period while Italy still did not have the sort of team which could aspire to recapture their glory days of the 30s. Uruguay pretty much being but a shadow of their former selves.


The world cup known as Chile 62 however become a very defensive affair as teams were no longer willing to score as many as three goals or more in loosing efforts as had been the case in Switzerland 54 and Sweden 58. Teams became more eager to hold on to their leads once they had them and not risk them by going forward for more goals. This making most teams play with four defenders and only three forwards where before it had been with two defenders and five forwards.


Brazil for its part got off to what looking back might have been considered a good start in beating Mexico by 2-0 with Pele scoring Brazil’s first goal yet despite this victory; Brazil was severely criticized with much of the blame falling not only on their performance but on Pele. This despite Pele’s having scored one of Brazil’s two goals. This perhaps allowing Pele to see for himself what Mazola had experienced four years earlier when despite having scored two goals in Brazil’s first match; still had people saying he should not be on Brazil’s team.  It being a case that Brazilian fans in those days were used to seeing Brazil beat Mexico by much more goals than only two. Brazil, after all had beaten Mexico by 5-0 in Brazil 50 and by 4-0 in Switzerland 54. All of which standing to their reason that a defending world champion should be able to beat Mexico, once again by at least as wide a margin as their teams in the past had done if not by a wider one.


Brazil’s next game came against Czechoslovakia. This a match which ended in a 0-0 draw and with even more criticism aimed at Brazil by their fans and media back home. It was also in this match that Pele left the field injured not to return for the rest of the tournament. Pele had not even been touched by any of Czechoslovakia’s players yet despite this managed to do damage on himself which would take him out of the remainder of the world cup.


For my part, I being skeptical about almost everything, wonder if Pele’s injury was such that he could not have played Brazil’s next game against Spain. Pele after all had not broken anything and had not even been fouled. Was it perhaps an attempt to try another player? Pele had not really played all that well in Brazil’s first two matches or such it was perceived by the fans and the media back home. So I often wonder if perhaps Brazil’s trainer did not exaggerate the gravity of Pele’s injury in order to try another player in his place like he had done with Pele in Mazola’s place four years earlier. It being Amarildo who took Pele’s place against Spain in a game which though not an absolute must win game for Brazil; was one in which they would have to do better than they had in their first two matches. This if perhaps not to qualify, at least to demonstrate to their fans that they were still a team capable of producing great football.



The game started with Spain taking a 1-0 lead when Adelardo scored 35 minutes in to the game. Spain would even take a 1-0 lead in to the second half. This something which had not happened in a very long that that Brazil ended the first half behind on the scoreboard. Brazil at this point even finding themselves in danger of being eliminated in the first round. This being the case that Spain with a win would have had four points which would have put them first in the group. Brazil with a loss would have had three points which would leave them depending on what Mexico (who was already out of the competition) could do against Czechoslovakia. Naturally a Czech  victory or even a tie would have left Brazil out had they lost.


All however proved to be academic, as Brazil came back in the second half to win the game by two goals to one with both goals being scored by Amarildo; who just happened to be the man playing in Pele’s place. Obviously Pele’s replacement was doing his duty so I wonder if Pele would have been able to return to the starting team even if he had been healthy or if his injury was such that it was the real reason he was kept out of the starting lineup.


Amarildo had played well against Spain, this there was no doubts about and specially in a world cup in which defensive play was the order of the day unlike it had been in the last two previous world cups. Spain, in fact having a strong team back then which two years later went on to win the European nations cup.


Brazil went on to win their next two matches with relative ease. First against England by 3-1. This in a game which Garrincha scored two truly amazing goals. First one off a header and the next one of a free kick which could not have been better placed. Brazil’s other goal being scored by Vava, who continued where he left off in Sweden 58. Brazil’s next win came in the semifinals against the home team, Chile whom they defeated by a score of 4-2 with once again; Garrincha and Vava doing the scoring for Brazil. It being Garrincha who scored Brazil’s first two while Vava scored Brazil’s third and fourth.


Brazil was clearly playing well and was in top form and all without Pele. It was a case of this team being of such a high quality that even the absence of Pele did not disturb anything. Apparently Amarildo had been more than capable of filling the void left by Pele while the rest by just keeping up their level allowed Brazil to easily get in to the final. Of course, one could always say that this world cup did not really have very strong teams and those which were in fact solid such as the Soviet Union (winner of the 1960 European Championship) and Hungary did not really live up to expectations; apart the fact that Brazil did not have to face them anyway. Brazil was in the finals however and to their credit deservedly so and all without the man who many would later call the best player of all time.


In the finals Brazil met Czechoslovakia for the second time in the tournament yet unlike in their first match; this one could not end in a draw. Czechoslovakia, for its part like Sweden four years earlier also scored the first goal though not as early in the match as Sweden. Czechoslovakia in fact having to wait till the 15th minute of the game when Masopust slipped past Brazil’s defense to give his team a 1-0 lead. Brazil however being the solid team they were did not take long to reply. Brazil in fact having to wait but two minutes till Amarildo (Pele’s replacement) scored to level matters at one a piece. Amarildo, scoring a brilliant goal from a very tight angle which perhaps Czechoslovakia’s goalkeeper; Schroijf should have saved yet the score none the less was tied at one all.


Czechoslovakia for what concerned them, were playing well and went in to the half time break tied at one though it is my opinion that they perhaps celebrated too much after scoring. This allowing Brazil to get back in to the game after only two minutes of having gone down by a goal to nil. Czechoslovakia had its chances in the first period and had it not been for their lack of concentration after scoring and Schroijf’s error perhaps would have gone in to the half time break with a one goal lead or perhaps a two goal lead. This if they had continued with the solid play which had gotten them to the final in the first place.


Brazil however regrouped at the half and came out strong with Zito scoring his first world cup goal and Brazil’s second in the final to put them up by 2-1. Brazil perhaps was not dominating as strongly as they had in 58 yet were definitely in the drivers seat. It being in the 78th minute of the game that Garrincha sent up a high ball which in all honesty should not have given Czech goalkeeper, Schroijf any problems what so ever yet he somehow managed to drop it. The ball falling straight in to the path of the ever opportunistic Vava, who scored his first goal of the match and Brazil’s third to make the score 3-1; which is how it would end.


This last goal making Vava the first player to score in two finals. Brazil had won the world cup and became just the second team, after Italy to win two in a row and to a certain extent Pele had picked up his second world cup win though in all truth, as I have clearly pointed out; he hardly played. Naturally, to many at the time this did not really matter as Pele was a man who at the age of 21 had already won two world cups even if the second one was just for being on the team and little else. This perhaps making it possible for Argentina to say that Pasarella won two world cups with Argentina, who as a matter of fact only played in their first game against South Korea but I ask is this enough to say he is a double world champion? I would go one step further and ask if Brazil had beaten France in 98 then could Ronaldo claim to have won three world cups as well since he was on their world cup winning team in 94 though did not play at all? This being a matter of interpretation of course.


As an added comment, I would like to say that I feel it is sad that Amarildo did not really get the credit he earned for his performance in Chile 62. It being Amarildo, who to a certain extent with his two goals against Spain saved Brazil from the humiliation of being eliminated in the first round. Amarildo even scoring in the final when Brazil was loosing by 1-0 yet despite his efforts which were important in Brazil’s second world cup win, is rarely if ever mentioned amongst the great players of all time though he undoubtedly was.

My name is Gianni Truvianni, author of many an article to be found on the internet along with the book “New York’s Opera Society”. My works also include the books “What Should Not Matter”, “Love Your Sister” and several others which still remain unpublished though I am presently looking to change this.

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European sawmills’ profitability is being squeezed by high log costs and declining lumber prices

Seattle, USA. Over the past year, the sawmilling sector in Europe has shifted from high production levels and the highest lumber prices in four years, to weakening lumber demand and reduced prices for many lumber grades during this fall.

European lumber production fell by six percent to 93 million m3 in 2009, which was the lowest level in eight years. The biggest declines in volume came in Austria, Finland and Sweden, while lumber production in Germany and Romania bucked the general trend and increased last year. Although last year was a low point for the sawmilling industry, the lumber markets improved in the second half of the year and into the spring and early summer this year, reported Wood Resource Quarterly.

Total exports by the four largest lumber-producing countries in Europe, Sweden, Germany, Austria and Finland, have been slightly higher the first eight months of 2010 as compared to the same period last year. Exports from Sweden declined by seven percent while the other three countries increased shipments substantially. The Finnish sawmilling industry in particular, has had a much better year this year than in 2009. During the first nine months of 2010, lumber production was up 27 percent from the same period last year, with most of the additional production being exported.


The high operating rates at many sawmills in Europe the past year have resulted in increased costs of logs throughout the continent. Softwood sawlog prices have gone up between 15-40 percent in the major lumber-producing countries since early 2009, according to the Wood Resource Quarterly.

With the probability of reduced lumber demand in Europe during the upcoming winter season, lumber prices may continue to weaken. This development is problematic because sawlog prices have reached their highest levels in almost two years, which will squeeze the profitability for many sawmills. Consequently, it is likely that many sawmills will reduce operating rates in the coming months, and as a result, sawlog prices can be expected to decline during this quarter and the first quarter of 2011.


Global timber market reporting is included in the 52-page publication Wood Resource Quarterly. The report, established in 1988 and with subscribers in over 25 countries, tracks sawlog, pulpwood, lumber and pellet prices in key regions around the world and also includes regular updates of the latest developments in international timber, pulp, lumber and biomass markets.

Contact Information

Wood Resources International LLC

Hakan Ekstrom

Mr. Ekstrom is the President of Wood Resources International LLC, which is an internationally recognized forest industry consulting firm established in 1987. The company also publishes two quarterly timber price reports tracking global forest products markets. The market reports have readers in over 25 countries.


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Squeezing Islam in Europe Doesn’t Work. The case of Swiss and Farance

Hasan A. Yahya, Professor of Sociology

Four incidents recently occurred in Europe and the United States brought intellectual attention and serious discussions on the crazy world prejudice in the name of religion.

On 1 July, this year,  Marwa al-Sherbini, an Egyptian woman who wore the headscarf and was three months pregnant, was brutally murdered in a Dresden courtroom by a German man of Russian descent who declared ‘you have no right to live’. The victim  was stabbed eighteen times in the space of thirty seconds. It was a frenzied attack, clearly motivated by racism and Islamophobia. Yet the German state and media, have been in a state of denial. The press reported it as a neighborhood dispute, with headlines such as ‘Murder over quarrel over swing’. Amidst widespread anger in Egypt, the press officer at the German embassy in Cairo declared the murder an isolated case and a ‘criminal act. It has nothing to do with persecution against Muslims’. European leaders must immediately condemn Sherbini’s murder, hold her killer accountable, and acknowledge that Islamophobia is a growing threat–otherwise, they are precariously close to repeating past horrors. Many researchers on Islamic issues in Europe say that all eyes are now on the prosecuting authority, to see what charges are brought against Alexandre W. Kathrin Klausing does not see the prosecuting authority, which has instructed the police to start a murder investigation and has described the killer as clearly ‘driven by a deep hatred of Muslims’, as the real culprit. The Sherbini  murder was linked to ‘public-media discourse’. Where People are looking for victims and Muslims are sometimes seen as a viable option. Some obsevers say: “The real responsibility for this awful case lies with the increasingly anti-Islamic and racist climate in society, an atmosphere in which politicians and public intellectuals and celebrities have played a great part.”

Judaism is next feeling the heat with Muslims is joining forces with Muslims, a Jewish reader’s comment reads, “If we condemn Ahmadinejad and other patrons of terrorism, we must commend those Muslim intellectuals and religious leaders who have the courage to speak out publicly against the continued fomentation of Judaeophobia in the rise of  Neo-Nazi National Party (NPD) in Germany, The members dream of rebuilding Hitler’s Third Reich. The Secretary General of the German Jewish Council, has been one of only a handful of non-Muslim voices in Germany willing to describe the murder as motivated by Islamophobia.

Others return the causes of violent actions against immigrants especially from Muslim countries to the downturn in the economy and unemployment are factors playing into the hands of the NPD which, in some areas of eastern Germany, is attempting to create ‘national liberation zones’ where no foreigner would dare to go. Such actions remind us of KKK actions of white supremacist in the U.S in the 1960s of last century, where they blockade the highways and kill non-whites.

The story: A Russian-born German who stabbed to death an Egyptian woman in a courtroom was given Germany’s highest possible sentence for murder yesterday — 15 years’ jail with no chance of early parole. The case enraged the Arab world, in particular Egypt, with street demonstrators and commentators blaming Germany for encouraging Islamophobia. The victim, Marwa al-Shirbini, 31, a pharmacist, has been hailed as a “veil martyr” because she stood up against the assailant, Alexander Wiens, 28. A fatwa has been pronounced on Wiens and the trial in Dresden was held under extraordinary security, with the courthouse cleared and 200 armed police encircling the room.

By the time the case came to court in July last year, Ms al-Shirbini was three months’ pregnant. In court, the killer removed a long knife from under his jacket and stabbed her 18 times. Her husband tried to stop the attack but was stabbed 16 times. When a policeman arrived, he ended up shooting the husband in the leg rather than the assailant. The scene was witnessed by the couple’s three-year-old son.

The case began last year on a children’s playground in Dresden. Wiens was sitting on a child’s swing. Ms al-Shirbini, who was wearing a headscarf, asked him to move so that she could push her two-year-old boy. Wiens, a Russian of ethnic origin who had emigrated from Siberia in 2003, yelled at her, accusing her of being an “Islamicist” and a “terrorist”. Ms al-Shirbini decided to press charges and the man was duly fined. But he challenged the judgment.


Court Judge Wiegand said. “He was convinced that all foreigners were taking work away from him,” “Above all, he hated Muslims. In his eyes they were all Islamicists. Wiens admitted the killing, in his testimony,  but denied that the motivation was racist.

In Texas, The shootings of the Fort Hood gunman Nidal Malik Hasan  have set off nationwide soul-searching and worries about his  motives. 13 fellow soldiers, five medical staff like himself, and over 30 injured were the result of his emotional decision. The reason,  his job in the Army, Hasan was working with patients suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder stemming from U.S. combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. He was helping out, but associates and relatives have said he was disturbed that U.S. Muslim soldiers could fight against fellow Muslims in those countries. He asked to be released, his request denied, he became isolated, and did his ugly job, killing innocents of his own colleagues.  Was he motivated by faith or by his insanity?

Sarkozy says the Swiss “no” to minarets on Muslim mosques in a recent referendum is not a bid to deny essential freedoms to Muslims but reflects an ebbing of a sense of belonging, and identity, in a globalised world. The French president used outrage over the Swiss vote to explain the need for a national debate on the French identity that started last month. Sarkozy publicized his call for integration and pledged to French Muslims to do “everything” to combat discrimination and ensure they can feel like full-fledged citizens of France.  But he threatened [or politely cautioned] that “anything that could appear as a challenge” to France’s Christian roots and republican values would lead to the “failure” in the drive to promote a form of moderate Islam in France. In fact, a French parliamentary inquiry is currently holding hearings on whether to ban the full Islamic veil and the “burqa debate” has raised questions about how far France is willing to go to accommodate its Muslim minority.

Mr. Sarkozy responded that  integration meant a mutual acceptance by both new arrivals and the existing population of what each could bring the other while respecting certain fundamental standards. In  France  a repeated episodes highlighting concerns over integrating immigrants from its Muslim former colonies in North and West Africa was  the latest controversy centring on whether to ban all-covering burqas to be worn in public.

President Nicolas Sarkozy on Tuesday warned French believers against religious “ostentation and provocation” after Switzerland voted to ban Muslims from building minarets. Referring to Muslim women who wear all-enveloping veils such as the burqa, a practice Sarkozy  opposes,.he said believers should guard against “all ostentation.”

Reactions to the Swiss : French President Nicolas Sarkozy said Switzerland’s vote to ban new minarets showed why it was vital for France to hold an extended debate on national identity despite criticism that it has only fuelled racist views. Mr. Sarkozy highlighted the defense of national identity in his 2007 election campaign and pressed for the public debate that is due to end in February with a list of proposals.

Sarkozy in an opinion piece in Le Monde daily wrote:”Christians, Jews, Muslims, all believers regardless of their faith, must refrain from ostentation and provocation and … practice their religion in humble discretion,” The president was wading into an increasingly tense debate over national identity that has zeroed in on immigration fears in France, home to Europe’s largest Muslim minority hosting over  six million Muslims congregate in less than 2,500 prayer houses and mosques. Data shows currently in France there is 64 mosques with minarets of which seven have “tall minarets.”  The government has said France will not ban minaret construction and noted that mayors have the final say on whether new mosques can be built with tall towers.

In Switzerland, an anti-immigrant, right-wing Swiss populists launched the referendum, which passed with more than 57 percent of the vote. The outcome says a lot about how Western Europeans feel about the growing number of Muslim immigrants, who live as second-class citizens.

Do we have to commend the Swiss government, which opposed the ban and says the vote has nothing to do with the free practice of Islam in Switzerland, or stand against it? Free men and women ask. On the surface, the outcome of the Swiss vote banning minarets is an issue of architecture, not religion. Minarets can be beautiful. Islam is known for inspiring outstanding architecture. The Taj Mahal in India, considered the world’s most beautiful building, has four minarets. They are part of mosques built around the world, and the concept of the minaret has been designed into noteworthy non-Muslim architecture. Beneath the surface, however,  is a greater issue than architecture. Minarets are a symbol of Islam just as church steeples are a symbol of Christianity. A minaret on the skyline says a substantial number of Muslims live nearby.  

Switzerland Banks act as the box treasury and suitcase for billions of Dollars owned by Muslims and Arabs especially those corrupted governments and wealthy oil sharks. Minimum reaction from those millionaires and governments is expected. Many people raise boycotting Swiss Banks as a result of the vote. But who cares in the declining Muslim and disunited Arab world? But does that solve the escalation of hatred and racist actions by the name of religion or freedom?

In conclusion, these incidents and more can be prevented by increasing knowledge.  Insane persons may be found in any society, in the Arab states, in Europe, in Bombay, in the United States and elsewhere.  Dogmatism and ignorance among un socialized persons cannot be controlled, and incidents will continue to occur. However, according to my research, lack of true knowledge leads to lack of  true understanding, which leads to appreciation, and compromise to live in peace. The other point, these sane or insane people, unfortunately are rotten products of their cultures where violence and intolerance are promoted. In fact, Sarkozi has to be more polite and intelligent as any other leader in the western sphere to show some respect of Islam in their speeches rather than only praising the free well of citizens. In terms of Switzerland, they vote on almost every thing, to restrict garbage collection, groceries and restaurants. I am afraid that time will come to vote  on time they should  go pee or ” to s.h.i.,” So, voting on minarets is normal, in Swiss-Land but what is hidden cannot be understood equally among Muslims and non-Muslims. This wave of misunderstanding promotes HATE and disrespect of other faiths, These types of legislators’ reactions are types of prejudice, which cannot be curbed without sound leadership, and advanced open avenues for liberty like the one in Sweden and the United States after Bush. Sarkozi is an example of these leaders, he’s  showing two faces in his politics, one by smiling to Arab and Muslim leaders through visitations, the other, is showing his dogmatic view in opposing the veil and may encouraging the French people to follow suit with the Swiss vote. But Frensh people cannot be deceived. Any vote of this type,  will not harm Islam, Because Islam is simple and  can be practiced anywhere on earth without temples, but it hurts dogmatic people (those who do not understand others) who are found as I said, in all nations. After all, Muslims are increasing in the west, they are citizens and human beings with emotions and feelings,  like any body else on earth. I would advise leaders in the West and East, in congresses and parliaments, to be careful in their speeches and to be balanced between WE and THEY, and not to show their prejudice, because everyone IS, otherwise, history will through them in its cesspool. (1979 words)

Dr. Hasan A. Yahya, an American philosopher, writer and poet. He authored 30 books in one year covers sociology, psychology, politics, short stories and poetry. And wrote 200 plus articles. His book: 55 short Stories $ Kids in Arabic is his best seller book with 28 short Arabic stories for adults may be found on Amazon. Professor Yahya is an authority on Arab and Muslim cultures. He resides in Michigan, USA. Dr. Yahya has four children and so far nine grandchildren.

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